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Таблица грамматических времен. Действительный залог (Active Voice)

Для тех, кто уже неплохо разбирается в английских временных формах — вот эта табличка. Тем, кто пока в этой теме ещё плавает — хорошая новость:  я делаю подробный небольшой понятный курс. Если у вас есть вопросы — пишите в коммент, я их учту при составлении курса.

Подробнее смотрите здесь: http://www.common-language.ru/2015/kartochki-dlya-to-do-i-to-be/#.V1TvCfmLSUm

Скачать таблицу применения (без форм) самых важных английских тенсов можно в формате Word 2007 или в формате PDF

Смешная, но информативная таблица Мечты и будни червяка 

Таблица грамматических времен. Действительный залог (Active Voice)

Present Indefinite (Настоящее неопределенное)

Обозначает действие, которое происходит ВООП (всегда, вообще, обычно, постоянно, то есть регулярно). Конкр. момент времени не известен.

Слова-маркеры: always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, every day

I swim every sunday in my swimming pool.

You swim every sunday.

He (she, it) swims every sunday.

We swim every sunday.

They swim every sunday.

I do not swim. (don`t)

You  do not swim. (don`t)

He (she, it)  does not swim. (doesn`t)

We    do not swim. (don`t)

They do not swim. (don`t)

Do I swim every sunday?

Do you swim every sunday?

Does   he (she, it) swim every sunday?

Do we swim every sunday?

Do they swim every sunday?

Yes, I do. No, I don`t.

Yes, you do. No, you don`t.

Yes, he (she, it) does. No, he doesn`t.

Yes, we do. No, we don`t.

Yes, they do. No, they don`t.

Past Indefinite (Прошедшее неопределенное)

Обозначает действие, которое произошло в прошлом.  Конкр. момент времени не известен. Слова-маркеры: yesterday, last week (month, year), a week ago, last time

I , you, he, she, it, we, they

swam

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

did not swim. (didn`t)

Did

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

swim

yesterday?

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

Yes, I did. No, I didn`t.

Yes, he did. No, he didn`t – и т.д.

Future Indefinite (Будущее неопределенное)

Обозначает действие, которое произойдет в будущем. Конкр. момент времени не известен. Слова-маркеры: tomorrow, next week (time, month, year), in a week (month, year)

I shall swim next summer again.

You will swim.

He (she, it) will swim.

We shall swim.

They will swim.

I shall not swim next summer again. (shan`t)

You will not swim. (won`t)

He (she, it) will not swim. (won`t)

We shall not swim (shan`t)

They will not swim. (won`t)

Shall I swim next summer again?

Will you swim?

Will he (she, it) swim?

Shall we swim?

Will they swim?

Yes, I shall.         No, I shan`t.

Yes, you will.      No, you won`t.

Yes, he (she, it) will. No, he won`t.

Yes, we shall.    No, we shan`t.

Yes, they will.    No, they won`t.

Present Continuous (Настоящее продолженное)

Обозначает состояние, в котором находится объект в определенный момент или период времени. Глагол переходит в форму причастия: to swimплавать, swimmingплавающий. (Пример: Я сейчас читающий, не мешай!)

Слова-маркеры: now, right now, this moment.

I am swimming now in the pool.

You are swimming.

He (she, it) swimming.

We are swimming.

They are swimming.

I am not swimming now. (I`m not)

You are not swimming. (aren`t)

He (she, it) is not swimming.

We are not swimming.

They are not swimming.

Am I swimming now in the pool?

Are you swimming?

Is he (she, it) swimming?

Are we swimming?

Are they swimming?

Yes, I am. No, I`m not.

Yes, you are. No, you aren`t.

Yes, he (she, it) is. No, he (she, it) isn`t.

Yes, we are. No, we aren`t.

Yes, they are. No, they aren`t.

Past Continuous (Прошедшее продолженное)

Обозначает состояние, которое продолжалось в какой-то момент или период времени в прошлом.

Слова-маркеры: in the morning, from 2 till 5 o`clock, when you came, at that time yesterday.

I was swimming, when you called me yesterday.

You were swimming.

He (she, it) was swimming.

We were swimming.

They were swimming.

I was not swimming. (wasn`t)

You were not swemming. (weren`t)

He was not swimming. (wasn`t)

We were not swimming. (weren`t)

They were not swimming. (weren`t)

Was I swimming, when you called  me?

Were you swimming?

Was he (she, it) swimming?

Were we swimming?

Were they swimming?

Yes, I was. No, I wasn`t.

Yes, you were. No, you weren`t.

Yes, he was. No, he wasn`t.

Yes, we were. No, we weren`t.

Yes, they were. No, they weren`t.

Future Continuous (Будущее продолженное время)

Обозначает состояние, которое будет продолжаться какое-то время в будущем.

I shall be swimming tomorrow from 6 till 7 am.

You will be swimming

He (she, it) will be swimming

We shall be swimming

They will be swimming

I shall not be swimming. (shan`t)

You will not be swimming. (won`t)

He will not be swimming. (won`t)

We shall not be swimming. (shan`t)

They will not be swimming. (won`t)

Shall I be swimming…?

Will you be swimming?

Will he be swimming?

Shall we be swimming?

Will they be swimming?

Yes, I shall. No, I shan`t.

Yes, you will. No, you won`t.

Yes, he will. No, he won`t.

Yes, we shall. No, we shan`t.

Yes, they will. No, they won`t.

Present Perfect (Настоящее совершенное)

Обозначает действие, которое завершилось к настоящему моменту времени и важен результат. Глагол может переводиться двояко: Я уже плавал (поплавал, проплыл) сегодня достаточно, больше не хочу (результат).  Слова-маркеры: already, still, yet, recently, today, just, ever, never, this week (month, year)

I have swum today enough, I want not more.

You have swum.

He (she, it) has swum.

We have swum…

They have swum

I have not swum. (haven`t)

You have not swum. (haven`t)

He (she, it) has not swum. (hasn`t)

We have not swum. (haven`t)

They have not swum. (haven`t)

Have I swum?

Have you swum?

Has he (she, it) swum?

Have we swum?

Have they swum?

Yes, I have. No, I haven`t.

Yes, you have. No, you haven`t.

Yes, he (she, it) has. No, he hasn`t.

Yes, we have. No, we haven`t.

Yes, they have. No, they haven`t.

Past Perfect (Прошедшее совершенное)

Обозначает действие, которое завершилось к какому-то моменту времени в прошлом и важен результат.  Слова-маркеры: by 5 o`clock yesterday, befor you come, by the end of…

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

had swum

yesterday till storm came.

I, you, he, she, it, we, they

had not swum.

(hadn`t)

Had

I (you, he, she, it, we, they)

swum…?

 

Yes, I had. No, I hadn`t.

То же для you, he, she, it, we, they

Future Perfect (Будущее совершенное)

Обозначает действие, которое (должно) завершится к какому-то моменту времени в будущем и важен результат.  Слова-маркеры: by 5 o`clock tomorrowy, befor you come, by the end of…

I shall have swum tomorrow from 6 till 7 am.

You will have swum

He will have swum

We shall have swum

They will have swum

I shan`t have swum

You won`t have swum

She won`t have swum

We shan`t have swum

They won`t have swum

Shall I have swum?

Will you have swum?

Will he (she, it) have swum?

Shall we have swum?

Will they have swum?

Yes, I shall. No, I shan`t.

Yes, you will. No, you won`t.

Yes, he will. No, he won`t.

Yes, we shall. No, we shan`t.

Yes, they will. No, they won`t.

Подробнее смотрите здесь: http://www.common-language.ru/2015/kartochki-dlya-to-do-i-to-be/#.V1TvCfmLSUm

Скачать таблицу применения (без форм) самых важных английских тенсов можно в формате Word 2007 или в формате PDF

Смешная, но информативная таблица Мечты и будни червяка 

12.04.2010 - Posted by | - Времена | , , , , ,

1 комментарий »

  1. Доброй ночи.
    Хотел уточнить по поводу времени Future Indefinite- там может используется to going to?

    комментарий от Александр | 26.01.2016 | Ответить


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